Paul has asked us to research and look into the theory around colours and what they can symbolize and mean. The colour wheel below shows the primary colours, secondary colours and tertiary colours and these are the colours we have been asked to look at. Whilst researching I found out that the first colour wheel was created by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666 which I didn’t know.
You see the use of colour theory everywhere and a good example of this in games is that red the majority of the time means danger or that you are getting hurt or being damaged. It wouldn’t look right if your character was taking damage and the colour on the screen was green, unless you are some sort of alien in the game.
Meanings and associations
These are the colours that cannot be created by any other combination of colours.
Red – Energy, war, danger, strength, power, determination, passion, desire, love.
Yellow – Sunshine, joy, happiness, intellect, energy.
Blue – Stability, trust, loyalty, wisdom, confidence, intellect, faith, truth.
These are formed by mixing the primary colours.
Orange – Joy, sunshine, enthusiasm, fascination, happiness, creativity, determination, attraction, success.
Purple – Royalty, power, nobility, luxury, ambition, wealth, extravagance, wisdom, dignity, independence, creativity, magic, mystery.
Green – Nature, growth, harmony, freshness, fertility, safety.
These are formed by mixing the primary and secondary colours, that’s why it is a two word name.
Yellow-orange – Caution, decay, sickness, jealousy.
Red-orange – Desire, pleasure, domination, aggression, thirst for action.
Red-purple – Romantic, nostalgic feelings.
Blue-purple – Gloom, sad feelings, frustration.
Blue-green – Emotional healing, protection.
Yellow-green – Sickness, cowardice, discord, jealousy.
Black – Power, elegance, formality, death, evil and mystery.
White – Light, goodness, innocence, purity, virginity, perfection.
Colour harmony is defined by if it is pleasing on the eye or not basically. If there is no harmony of colours it could be boring or uninteresting for the viewer. And on the other scale it could be too much for the brain to process because it is chaotic and you wouldn’t want to look at it.
Colour harmony formulas
Analogous colours – These are any three colours that are next to each other on the colour wheel and create good colour harmony.
Complementary colours – These are any colours that are directly opposite each other on the colour wheel like orange and blue or purple and yellow. They create a good contrast that is pleasing on the eye for the viewer.